Connected-Autonomous Vehicle (CAV) Program
We are on the verge of a new phase in transportation mobility. Automation is being introduced in passenger vehicles with features such as adaptive cruise control and self-parking. Automated vehicles include autonomous and connected technologies. The former allowing vehicles to drive for us and the latter making vehicles aware of other vehicles and infrastructure.
The Miami-Dade TPO is working alongside its transportation partners to plan for this new technology with upgraded roadways, transit systems, and freight facilities that will move our community into the future.
- Florida Department of Transportation District 6
- Miami-Dade Department of Transportation and Public Works
- Miami-Dade Expressway Authority
Levels of Automation
The National Highway and Transportation Safety Administration has identified 5 levels of automation.
Level 0 is no automation. The driver is in full control of all the features in the vehicle.
Level 1 is function specific automation which consist of two or more features that work separately to assist the driver. Examples include such features as anti-lock brakes and electronic stability control.
Level 2 is combined function automation which involves two or more features working together to assist the driver in avoiding unsafe situations. An example of this includes vehicle proximity warning sensors and automatic braking.
Level 3 is limited self-driving automation which allows the driver to give full control under certain conditions. An examples of this includes an auto-pilot feature that allows the vehicle to drive itself even in mixed traffic but would restore control to the driver in unusual or emergency situations.
Level 4 is full self-driving automation also referred to as a “driver-less car”. The driver provides destination information or travel route and the vehicle handles all driving while monitoring weather and traffic conditions.
Starting in 2011, many states began to devise legislation to govern over automat-ed vehicles (AV) on public roadways.
Nevada, Florida, California, Washington D.C., Michigan, North Dakota, Utah, and Tennessee have enacted AV legislation.
Arizona has an Executive Order to provide support for AV pilot programs and testing on public roads. While Texas, Oklahoma, Colorado, and Oregon have either failed to pass or postponed such legislation.
The freight industry is a significant contributor to Miami-Dade’s economy, with local trips to and from MIA and PortMiami operating almost 365 days per year. FDOT has initiated an Autonomous Freight Pilot Program in Miami-Dade County called “AV/CV/ITS Freight Applications” that is attempting to demonstrate that automated vehicle (AV) technologies can offer increased safety and efficiency for freight operations between MIA and the warehouse district in Doral. AV technologies will be tested on repetitious freight routes in hopes to increase travel time reliability for localized fleet vehicles. Efforts are currently underway to coordinate with public partners, engage private stakeholders, identify repetitive delivery routes, and understand existing system operations.
- Aileen Bouclé's November 2016 FAV Summit presentation
- Autonomous Vehicle Overview video (YouTube)
- USDOT Federal Automated Vehicles Policy
- Brian Blanchard's March 31, 2016 AV presentation
- Embracing New Technology: Autonomous Vehicles brochure
- Memo regarding Autonomous vehicles in future transportation planning (April 5, 2016)
- FDOT Florida Automated Vehicles Initiative
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